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      Services negotiations

      The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) mandates WTO member governments to progressively liberalize trade in services through successive rounds of negotiations. Under the mandate of Article XIX, the latest round of negotiations began in January 2000. In March 2001 the Guidelines and Procedures for the Negotiations on Trade in Services were adopted by the Council for Trade in Services. At the Doha Ministerial Conference in November 2001 the services negotiations became part of the 搒ingle undertaking?under the Doha Development Agenda, whereby all subjects under the negotiations are to be concluded at the same time.

      > The Doha mandate
      > The Doha mandate explained
      > General Agreement on Trade in Services

      See also:
      > Development aspects of the Doha Round

       

      SPECIAL SESSIONS 
       OF THE SERVICES 
       COUNCIL 

       

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      Background and state of play 

       

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      News on the negotiations 

       

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      Major areas of services negotiations 

      There are four major areas of services negotiations:

       

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      Negotiations process 

      Negotiations in the Doha Round are being conducted essentially on two tracks:

      • bilateral and/or plurilateral negotiations to improve market conditions for trade in services ?this mostly involves improving specific commitments on market access and national treatment (i.e. ensuring that privileges given to local companies are also given to foreign companies) and promoting most-favoured nation treatment (more equal treatment among WTO members)

      • multilateral negotiations among all WTO members to establish any necessary rules and disciplines (such as on domestic regulation, emergency safeguard measures, government procurement and subsidies) which will apply to the whole WTO membership, with certain special provisions for developing and least-developed countries.

       

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      Proposals for the negotiations 

      At the start of the negotiations, WTO members tabled proposals regarding both the structure and the contents of the negotiations. These proposals highlight the main areas of interest for individual members and/or groups of members. Often the proposals provide background information and suggestions for improving trade conditions in a particular sector. Currently, there are virtually no new proposals being tabled as work has moved on to the request-offer process.

       

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      Special Sessions   

      The Council for Trade in Services (meeting in 搒pecial session? is the body responsible for overseeing the negotiations. All subsidiary bodies, such as the Working Party on Domestic Regulation and the Working Party on GATS Rules, report to the Council . The current chair is .

      Search Documents Online
      Special Sessions documents on Trade in Services use the code S/CSS/* or TN/S/* (where * takes additional values).
      These links open a new window: allow a moment for the results to appear.

      > help with downloading these documents

      • Chairperson's summaries of the Special Sessions of the Council for Trade in Services (Document code S/CSS/* or TN/S/* and report or statement)   > search
      • Minutes of the Special Sessions (Document code S/CSS/M/* or TN/S/M/*)   > search
      • Working documents of the Special Sessions (Document code S/CSS/W/* or TN/S/W/*)
          > search
      • Notifications (Document code S/C/N/*)   > search
      • Other documents of the Special Sessions of the Council for Trade in Services   > search

      You can perform more sophisticated searches from the Documents Online search facility by defining multiple search criteria such as document symbol (i.e. code number), full text search or document date.

      TIMELINE 

      January 2000: Negotiations begin

      March 2001: Guidelines and the Procedures for the Negotiations on Trade in Services are adopted

      November 2001: Doha Development Agenda is adopted

      March 2003: Deadline for receiving 搃nitial offers?/p>

      July 2004: 揓uly Package?resuscitates negotiations and establishes deadline of May 2005 for submission of revised offers

      December 2005: Hong Kong Ministerial Conference reaffirms key principles of services negotiations

      July 2006: Doha negotiations suspended

      January 2007: Resumption of Doha negotiations

      May 2008: Report on services issued

      July 2008: Services Signalling Conference held as part of “July 2008” package. Ministers exchange signals on what improvements could be expected in services.

      2009:  Slowdown in negotiations overall due to failure to conclude agriculture and NAMA modalities as part of the “July 2008” package.

      March 2010: Stocktaking exercise conducted by the TNC to revive the negotiations. Report by the Chairman of the Council for Trade in Services in Special Session for the purpose of the stocktaking.

      December 2010: General Council calls for intensification of DDA negotiations across all areas.

      April 2011: Report by the Chairman of the Council on Trade in Services to the Trade Negotiations Committee, representing the state of play in the services negotiations on market access, domestic regulation disciplines, GATS rules and the LDC waiver.

      December 2011:  Eighth Ministerial Conference adopts a waiver to permit WTO members to grant preferential treatment to services and service suppliers from LDCs


      COMMITMENTS 

      Schedules of commitments specify the levels of market access (e.g. whether there are any restrictions on the number of service suppliers) and national treatment (e.g. whether some privileges given to local companies will also be given to foreign companies) as well as any additional commitments a member is prepared to make in a particular sector. So, for example, if a government commits itself to allow foreign banks to operate in its domestic market, that is a market-access commitment. And if the government limits the number of licences it will issue, that is a market-access limitation. If it subjects foreign banks to higher minimum capital requirements than domestic banks, that is a national-treatment limitation.

      Members' commitments are available here."

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